Job satisfaction is defined as the extent to which people like satisfaction or dislike dissatisfaction their jobs. In addition, write an essay on leadership style and employee productivity, it is further assumed job satisfaction and performance have some degree of positive correlation and they are linked in some fashion.

When these behaviors are used, they are perceived or may be interpreted as exceptional and required for completing the present task Schwarzwald, Koslowsky, Agassi, Transformational leadership behaviors alter the higher order needs of followers by changing their attitudes, beliefs, and values.

Leadership behaviors that emphasize telling or controlling would be classified as transactional leadership because rewards and discipline are administered according to adherence or deviation from instructions. Transactional leadership is a reinforcement technique requiring constant application. There are two main components of transactional leadership — contingent reward and management-by-exception. Contingent reward is when the leader provides rewards if the subordinate performs in accordance with the performance expectations or expends the necessary effort Densten, The contingent reward aspect of transactional leadership should also relate positively to performance in that these leaders clarify expectations and recognize achievements that positively contribute to higher levels of effort and performance Bass, Avolio, Jung, and Berson, Management-by-exception represents the taking of action by the leader when the follower does not meet the performance write an essay on leadership style and employee productivity Densten, In the management-by-exception approach, transactional leaders clarify expectations, specify standards for compliance, define what constitutes ineffective performance, and monitor closely to ensure that deviances and errors are corrected promptly Bass, Avolio, Jung, and Berson, cited by Chan, Station house sergeants spent the majority of their time in the station, dealing with administrative issues such as processing paperwork.

With regards to the law enforcement arena, the transformational leader expects their subordinates to be more occupied with problem solving and community-oriented policing which more often than not equate to lower statistics. Engel, Transformational leaders are expected to enhance the performance capacity of their followers by setting higher expectations and generating a greater willingness to address more difficult challenges Bass and Avolio, This does not necessarily mean that the transformational leader never resorts to punishment or negative feedback.

Unfortunately no objective measures of performance were employed. Basic assumptions the SLM makes also added to the critical views of the model.

As the author noted, the relatively high follower satisfaction level with such a negative form of leadership behavior was surprising and requires further investigation Densten, The three leadership styles that were classified as variations of transactional leadership, specifically traditional, innovative, and supportive leadership styles, write an essay on leadership style and employee productivity, were found to have limited influence Johnson, The transformational leaders attempt to stimulate the undeveloped or dormant needs of their subordinates Chan, Bass declared there were four types of transformational leadership behavior, namely idealized influence charismainspirational motivation, individualized consideration, and intellectual stimulation Densten, Idealized influence represents role-modeling behavior where the leader instills pride, faith, and respect, and has a gift for seeing what is really important, and transmits a sense of mission.

Inspirational motivation represents the use of images and symbols that enable the leader to raise the expectations and beliefs of their follower concerning the mission and vision. Individualized consideration represents providing experiential learning and occurs when the leader delegates a project, provides coaching and teaching, write an essay on leadership style and employee productivity, and treats each follower as an individual. Intellectual stimulation represents cognitive development of the follower and occurs when the leader arouses followers to think in new ways and emphasizes problem solving and the use of reasoning before taking action Johnson, Transformational leaders encourage their subordinates to bring creative viewpoints to work write an essay on leadership style and employee productivity stimulate a team vision through positive motivation.


Essay on Transformational Leadership - Words | Cram

Introduction And Defintion Of Leadership Styles Management Essay. words (10 pages) Essay in Management This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. You This style can be damaging some times as it causes decrease in the motivational level of the employees. This. The leadership style you use as you lead your business and its employees affects morale and productivity for everyone in the are times when one type of leadership style is the overt. 📚 The Impact of Leadership on an Organization - essay example for free Newyorkessays - database with more than college essays for studying 】 situational and will seek to discuss the relationship between leadership and employee and organizational outcomes. which suggests that the ideal leadership style is one that takes the.

The contingency theory speculates that leadership styles are task or relationship oriented. This theory suggests effective write an essay on leadership style and employee productivity is determined by the situation and an effective leader is able to adapt to a variety of situations.


In a study of police supervisors, the supervisors who were rated the most effective utilized the SLM. Standing Bear, It should be noted most of these contingency theory models and associated papers were written over 20 years, well before the development of the transactional and transformations theories, write an essay on leadership style and employee productivity.

This was because they had less direct supervision, more opportunities to conduct personal business on duty, and less pressure to be proactive, write an essay on leadership style and employee productivity. They were labeled as traditional, innovative, supportive and active.

For example, if employee job satisfaction increases, then employee job performance improves. It should be noted this relationship between job performance and job satisfaction has been the topic of numerous studies whose results have been mixed. It is still an issue of continuing debate Buchanan, Three recent theories to be discussed in this paper are the contingency theory, the transactional theory, and the transformational theory.

Leadership Style and Its Impact on Employees Free Essays -

Bass theorized that transformational leadership can be considered an extension of transactional leadership. He hypothesized that transformational leadership complemented transactional leadership and they were not mutually exclusive as cited by Johnson, ; Chan ; Ozmen, There is no one best way of leading and effective leadership styles vary from situation to situation. SLM was used extensively in the training of police managers in the United States although it was widely acknowledged that most of the police supervisors did not receive any formal management training.


While many leaders utilize transactional leadership, they fail to constantly apply this behavior because of lack of time, inadequate opportunities to observe, ineffective appraisal systems, doubts about positive reinforcement effectiveness, and lack of skills. The negative aspects of leadership behaviors are associated with transactional leadership. The significantly higher level of management-by-exception indicates that leaders of senior officers are mainly passive and focus on correcting deviations from the status quo.

Supervision by the sergeant can influence some patrol officer behaviors, but this influence varies according to the style of supervision. But the author also reports that studies on police supervision are limited in scope and fail write an essay on leadership style and employee productivity answer many questions on differences in leadership styles. For the purposes of this work, performance is defined as the execution or accomplishment of work, acts, feats, etc. Satisfaction is defined as the fulfillment or gratification of a desire, need, or appetite dictionary.

Several models have prevailed under the contingency theory of leadership. The Situational Leadership Model Hersey and Blanchard, seems to have been the most accepted and most prevalent model under the contingency theory Graeff, This was deemed the most effective leadership model from the late s to the early s and as such, was the most prevalent Bryan, The second and third leadership theories to be discussed in this write an essay on leadership style and employee productivity were introduced by Burns who identified two types of leaders — transactional leaders and transformational leaders.

The traditional style of supervision is characterized by supervisors who expect their officers to produce measurable outcomes such as arrests, reports, citations, etc. The traditional supervisors expect aggressive enforcement from their officers, but expect little relative to quality of life issues or community policing-related issues. The supervisors are likely to make the decisions as they took over calls or tell the officers how to handle their calls. Their main concern is to control subordinate behavior.

write an essay on leadership style and employee productivity

How Does Leadership Style Influence Organizational Productivity? |

He made a sharp distinction between transactional and transformational leadership and considered them as opposite ends of the spectrum. While they were somewhat similar, the transactional leadership theory and the transformational leadership theory were distinct and had different applications.

Three of these supervisory styles, specifically traditional, innovative and supportive, were variations of the transactional style of leadership.

There appears to be an ever increasing number of studies supporting the benefits of the transformational theory. The use of the correct and appropriate leadership style in all fields has long been a topic of discussion and debate by both scholars as well as practitioners. As a result, a variety of theories on different leaderships styles have evolved but many have multiple similarities Engel, write an essay on leadership style and employee productivity, Engel initially reported that many earlier works have suggested that supervisory styles have a significant impact on patrol officer behavior although the author noted no research has been attempted to evaluate the varying influence that different supervisory styles have over police officer behavior.

In fact, the SLM leadership styles were associated with inferior performance. Another facet of the study tested the four styles of the SLM. The researchers suggest these findings defy the logic on which the SLM is founded. The findings also suggest the SLM is incomplete in its description of leadership styles and the situations facing the leader. But the simplicity of SLM is one reason for its popularity. Transactional leaders attempt to meet the current needs of their subordinates through bargaining and exchanging.

Such behaviors are important to the leaders of senior police officers because they can directly influence rank-and-file officers and any process of change.

Despite some studies offering limited and provisional support of the SLM, most studies have been critical for various reasons. The researchers indicated this is particularly surprising due to the extensive use of the SLM and its widely accepted managerial philosophy throughout the world. The researchers note the SLM has little verifiable support. Only a few studies have been conducted to test its validity and most were not comprehensive in nature.

Therefore, in the Australian law enforcement study, it appears that leaders only demonstrate basic leadership capabilities, which may reflect the lack of formal leadership training. Despite the shortcomings of transactional leadership which prevailed in this law enforcement environment, the findings amazingly indicated a relatively high level write an essay on leadership style and employee productivity follower satisfaction with this leadership behavior.


For example, transactional leaders will offer raises or promotions for higher work productivity. The weakness of this leadership style is that employees are not invested in their work and once rewards become unavailable, it is difficult to continue to motivate them Johnson, According to Bass and Housea transactional approach is deficient for long-term development, which normally entails significant individual and organizational change.

Management The need to develop better leadership styles is becoming increasingly important in all organizations. This paper reviews three recent and widely utilized leadership styles: contingency theory, transactional theory, and transformational theory. There is a lack of total agreement in the reviewed literature as to the best leadership style to be used in law enforcement, but transactional theory appears to be more effective than contingency theory. Transformational theory is considered by many to be an improvement to the transactional theory of leadership.

Rarely did they directly supervise their subordinates in the field. They preferred to control officer behavior through their authority to grant favors such as days off, choice assignments, and the ability to earn overtime pay. Van Maanen found that if given a choice, patrol officers preferred to work for the station house type of sergeant.

Introduction And Defintion Of Leadership Styles Management Essay. words (10 pages) Essay in Management This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. You This style can be damaging some times as it causes decrease in the motivational level of the employees. This. Ultimately this leadership style can affect a culture according to Kendrick (), “A culture built on foundation of ethical behavior and trust, driven by motivated and inspired employees who utilize individual knowledge and skills to improve safety performance the acceptance of . My Leadership Style Analysis A1. Leadership Style Evaluation. There are many different leadership styles. After reading the assigned chapters for this task. I was able to identify my own leadership style as a result. In order to know my leadership style, I took a series of assessments in order to determine my personal leadership style.

write an essay on leadership style and employee productivity

According to Graeffmultiple features of the SLM such as assumptions of the job maturity aspects of the model appear to question its theoretical soundness and restrict its practical use. The researchers reported that the data did not support the hypothesis the SLM leadership styles were associated with superior sales performance.

They excel as mentoring and coaching their subordinates. The supportive supervisors encourage and praise their officers more and maintain good relations with them. They may provide a buffer between their officers and management to protect them from criticism and discipline. Johnson also classifies these three styles as variations of the transactional style of leadership. Transactional leaders achieve compliance from subordinates through an exchange of rewards for services.

Transactional leaders expect their followers to attain agreed-upon goals without encouraging them to take on greater responsibilities for self-development or leading others. Both leaders and followers focus on achieving the negotiated performance level Chan, A transactional leader motivates subordinates by giving rewards for services provided.

The innovative supervisor expects their subordinates to engage in community oriented policing. They are less concerned with enforcing rules, report writing or other tasks deemed important by the traditional supervisors.